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    第一部分:如何引出话题
    1. 对立法:先引出其他人的不同看法,然后提出自己的看法或者偏向于某一看法,适用于有争议性的主题。

    [1] When asked about..., the vast / overwhelming majority of people say that … But I think / view a bit differently.
    当被问及...的话题,大多数人认为,但是我却持有一点反对意见。

    [2] When it comes to ..., some people believe that… Others argue / claim that the opposite / reverse is true. There is probably some truth in both arguments / statements, but I tend to the former / latter.
    一提到...一些人相信...然后另一部分人却不这么认为。这两种观点都有相对正确的地方,但我更倾向于前者(后者)

    [3] Now, it is commonly / generally / widely believed / held / acknowledged that... They claim / believe / argue that ... But I wonder / doubt whether...   
    现在,普遍的观点认为...他们坚信...但我对此却表示怀疑...  

    2. 现象法:引出要剖析的现象或者问题,然后评论。

    [1] Recently the rise in the problem / phenomenon of ... has cause / aroused public / popular / wide / worldwide concern.
    近来有个现象(问题)不断发生...并且已经受到公众广泛关注。

    [2] Recently the issue of the problem / phenomenon of ... has been brought into focus / into public attention.
    最近关于...的现象(问题)已经进入了公众的视线。

    [3] Social inequality ... is yet another of the new and bitter truth we have to learn to face now / constantly.
    社会不平等社会问题已经成为了新的可怕的真相,使我们不得不持续地面对。

      3. 观点法:开门见山,直截了当地提出自己对要讨论的问题的看法。

    [1] Now people in growing / significant numbers are beginning / coming to realize / accept / (be aware) that...
    现在越来越多的人已经开始意识到...

    [2] Now there is a growing awareness / recognition of the necessity to...   
    越来越多人已经意识到...的必要性

    [3] Now people become increasingly aware / conscious of the importance of ...   现在人们已经不断地密切关注...的重要性

    [4] Perhaps it is time to have a fresh look at the attitude / idea that...   
    是时候应该用一种新的观点(态度)来看待...了

      4. 引用法:先引出名人名言或者有代表性的看法,来引出文章要展开论述的观点!

    [1] "Knowledge is power." This is the remark made by Bacon. This remark has been shared by more and more people.
      “知识就是力量?!闭馐桥喔拿?,正被越来越多的人分享。

    [2] "Education is not complete with graduation." This is the opinion of a great American philosopher. Now more and more people share his opinion.
      “教育不应该随着毕业而结束?!闭馐且桓鲋拿拦苎Ъ业墓鄣?,现在越来越多人分享着他的名言。

    [3] "..." We often hear statements / words like those / this.   我们经常听到这句名言...

    [4] We often hear such traditional complains as this "...".   我们经常听到这句古训...

    5. 比较法:通过对过去、现在两种不同的倾向、观点的比较,引出文章要讨论的观点。

    [1] For years, ...had been viewed as ... But people are taking a fresh look now. With the growing ..., people ...
    多年来,普遍认为的观点是...但是现在人们正用一种新的眼光看。随着...的增长,人们还会...

    [2] People used to think that ... (In the past, ...) But people now share this new idea.
    过去人们认为...,但是现在人们有了新的观点。

    6. 故事法:先讲一个较短的故事来引发读者的兴趣,引出文章的主题。少用!  
    [1] Once in (a newspaper), I read of / learnt... The phenomenon of ... has aroused public concern.
    曾经在报纸上我读到过这么一段事情...这个现象已经引发了强烈的关注。  

    [2] I have a friend who ... Should he ...? Such a dilemma we are often confronted with in our daily life.
    我有个朋友他...他应该这样吗?此类困难在我们日常生活中一直遇到。

    [3]Once upon a time, there lived a man who ... This story may be (unbelievable), but it still has a realistic significance now.
    从前有个人...这个故事也许是虚构的,但我认为现在很有现实意义。


    第二部分:万能套用句子

    (一)段首句
    1. 关于…人们有不同的观点。一些人认为…
    There are different opinions among people as to ____ . Some people suggest that ____.

    2. 俗话说(常言道)…,它是我们前辈的经历,但是,即使在今天,它在许多场合仍然适用。
    There is an old saying______. It's the experience of our forefathers,however,it is correct in many cases even today.

    3. 现在,…,它们给我们的日常生活带来了许多危害。首先,…;其次,…。更为糟糕的是…。
    Today, ____, which have brought a lot of harms in our daily life. First, ____ Second,____. What makes things worse is that______.

    4. 现在,…很普遍,许多人喜欢…,因为…,另外(而且)…。
    Nowadays,it is common to ______. Many people like ______ because ______. Besides,______.

    5. 任何事物都是有两面性,…也不例外。它既有有利的一面,也有不利的一面。
    Everything has two sides and ______ is not an exception,it has both advantages and disadvantages.

    6. 关于…人们的观点各不相同,一些人认为(说)…,在他们看来,…   People's opinions about ______ vary from person to person. Some people say that ______.To them,_____.

    7. 人类正面临着一个严重的问题…,这个问题变得越来越严重。  Man is now facing a big problem ______ which is becoming more and more serious.

    8. …已成为人们关注的热门话题,特别是在年青人当中,将引发激烈的争论。
      ______ has become a hot topic among people,especially among the young and heated debates are right on their way.

    9. …在我们的日常生活中起着越来越重要的作用,它给我们带来了许多好处,但同时也引发一些严重的问题。
    ______ has been playing an increasingly important role in our day-to-day life. It has brought us a lot of benefits but has created some serious problems as well.   

    10. 根据图表/数字/统计数字/表格中的百分比/图表/条形图/成形图可以看出…。很显然…,但是为什么呢?
    According to the figure / number / statistics / percentages in the / chart / bar graph / line / graph,it can be seen that ______ while. Obviously,______,but why?  

    (二)中间段落句
    1. 相反,有一些人赞成…,他们相信…,而且,他们认为…。
    On the contrary,there are some people in favor of ___. At the same time,they say ____.

    2. 但是,我认为这不是解决…的好方法,比如…。最糟糕的是…。But I don"t think it is a very good way to solve ____. For example,____. Worst of all,___.

    3. …对我们国家的发展和建设是必不可少的,(也是)非常重要的。首先,…。而且…,最重要的是…
    ______ is necessary and important to our country's development and construction. First,______. What's more, _____. Most important of all, ______.  

    4. 有几个可供我们采纳的方法。首先,我们可以…。  There are several measures for us to adopt. First, we can ______

    5. 面临…,我们应该采取一系列行之有效的方法来…。一方面…,另一方面。
    Confronted with ______,we should take a series of effective measures to ______. For one thing,______ For another,______

    6. 早就应该拿出行动了。比如说…,另外…。所有这些方法肯定会…。  It is high time that something was done about it. For example. _____. In addition. _____. All these measures will certainly ______.

    7. 为什么…?第一个原因是…;第二个原因是…;第三个原因是…。总的来说,…的主要原因是由于…
    Why ______? The first reason is that ______ .The second reason is ______. The third is ______. For all this, the main cause of ______ due to ______.

    8. 然而,正如任何事物都有好坏两个方面一样,…也有它不利的一面,像…。
    However, just like everything has both its good and bad sides, ______ also has its own disadvantages, such as ______.   

    9. 尽管如此,我相信…更有利。
    Nonetheless, I believe that ______ is more advantageous.   

    10. 完全同意…这种观点(陈述),主要理由如下:  I fully agree with the statement that ______ because ______.   

    (三)结尾句
    1. 至于我,在某种程度上我同意后面的观点,我认为…
    As far as I am concerned, I agree with the latter opinion to some extent. I think that ____.

    2. 总而言之,整个社会应该密切关注…这个问题。只有这样,我们才能在将来…。
    In a word, the whole society should pay close attention to the problem of ______. Only in this way can ______ in the future.

    3. 但是,…和…都有它们各自的优势(好处)。例如,…,而…。然而,把这两者相比较,我更倾向于(喜欢)…
    But ______ and ______ have their own advantages. For example, _____, while _____. Comparing this with that, however, I prefer to ______.

    4. 就我个人而言,我相信…,因此,我坚信美好的未来正等着我们。因为…
    Personally, I believe that _____. Consequently, I'm confident that a bright future is awaiting us because ______.

    5. 随着社会的发展,…。因此,迫切需要…。如果每个人都愿为社会贡献自已的一份力量,这个社会将会变得越来越好。
      With the development of society, ______. So it's urgent and necessary to ____. If every member is willing to contribute himself to the society, it will be better and better.

    6. 至于我(对我来说,就我而言),我认为…更合理。只有这样,我们才能…   For my part, I think it reasonable to _____. Only in this way can you _____.

    7. 对我来说,我认为有必要…。原因如下:第一,…; 第二,…;最后…但同样重要的是…
    In my opinion, I think it necessary to ____. The reasons are as follows. First _____. Second ______. Last but not least, ______.

    8. 在总体上很难说…是好还是坏,因为它在很大程度上取决于…的形势。然而,就我个人而言,我发现…。
    It is difficult to say whether _____ is good or not in general as it depends very much on the situation of______. However, from a personal point of view find ______.

    9. 综上所述,我们可以清楚地得出结论…
    From what has been discussed above, we may reasonably arrive at the conclusion that ____.

    10. 如果我们不采取有效的方法,就可能控制不了这种趋势,就会出现一些意想不到的不良后果,所以,我们应该做的是…
      If we can not take useful means, we may not control this trend, and some undesirable result may come out unexpectedly, so what we should do is _____.


    第三部分:全文模板

    1. 话题作文  
    Nowadays, there are more and more ____ in ____. It is estimated that ____. Why have there been so many ____? Maybe the reasons can be listed as follows.

    The first one is _____. Besides,_____. The third one is _____. To sum up,the main cause of it is due to _____. It is high time that something were done upon it. For one thing,_____. For another thing, _____. All these measures will certainly reduce the number of _____.      

    2. 对比观点作文
    (1) 要求论述两个对立的观点并给出自己的看法。
    1. 有一些人认为...  2. 另一些人认为...   3. 我的看法...
    The topic of ①-----------------(主题) is becoming more and more popular recently. There are two sides of opinions about it. Some people say A is their favorite. They hold their view for the reason of ②-----------------(支持A的理由一) What is more, ③-------------(理由二). Moreover, ④---------------(理由三).
      While others think that B is a better choice in the following three reasons. Firstly,-----------------(支持B的理由一). Secondly (besides),⑥------------------(理由二). Thirdly (finally),⑦------------------(理由三).
      From my point of view, I think ⑧----------------(我的观点). The reason is that ⑨--------------------(原因). As a matter of fact, there are some other reasons to explain my choice. For me, the former is surely a wise choice .   

    (2)  给出一个观点,要求考生反对这一观点
    Some people believe that ①----------------(观点一). For example, they think ②-----------------(举例说明). And it will bring them ③-----------------(为他们带来的好处).
      In my opinion, I never think this reason can be the point. For one thing,④-------------(我不同意该看法的理由一). For another thing, ⑤-----------------(反对的理由之二).
    Form all what I have said, I agree to the thought that ⑥------------------(我对文章所讨论主题的看法)

    3. 阐述主题题型     
    要求从一句话或一个主题出发,按照提纲的要求进行论述。1. 阐述名言或主题所蕴涵的意义.   2. 分析并举例使其更充实。
    The good old proverb ----------------(名言或谚语) reminds us that ----------------(释义). Indeed, we can learn many things form it.
    First of all, -----------------(理由一). For example, -------------------(举例说明). Secondly,----------------(理由二). Another case is that ---------------(举例说明). Furthermore, ------------------(理由三).  

    4. 解决方法题型
    要求考生列举出解决问题的多种途径。  
    1. 问题现状。2. 怎样解决(解决方案的优缺点)。
    In recent days, we have to face one problem-----A, which is becoming more and more serious. First, ------------(说明A的现状). Second, ---------------(举例进一步说明现状)
    Confronted with A, we should take a series of effective measures to cope with the situation. For one thing, ---------------(解决方法一). For another -------------(解决方法二). Finally, --------------(解决方法三).
    Personally, I believe that -------------(我的解决方法). Consequently, I'm confident that a bright future is awaiting us because --------------(带来的好处).

    5. 说明利弊题型
    这种题型往往要求先说明一下现状,再对比事物本身的利弊,有时也会单从一个角度(利或弊)出发,最后往往要求考生表明自己的态度(或对事物前景提出预测)。
    1. 说明事物现状。
    2. 事物本身的优缺点(或一方面)。  3. 你对现状(或前景)的看法。
    Nowadays many people prefer A because it has a significant role in our daily life. Generally, its advantages can be seen as follows. First ----------------(A的优点之一). Besides -------------------(A的优点之二).
    But every coin has two sides. The negative aspects are also apparent. One of the important disadvantages is that ----------------(A的第一个缺点).To make matters worse,------------------(A的第二个缺点).
    Through the above analysis, I believe that the positive aspects overweigh the negative ones. Therefore, I would like to ---------------(我的看法). (From the comparison between these positive and negative effects of A, we should take it reasonably and do it according to the circumstances we are in. Only by this way, ---------------(对前景的预测)

    6、图表作文
    As is shown by the figure / percentage in the table / picture,____ has been on rise / decrease, significantly / dramatically rising / decreasing from ____ in _____ to _____ in _____. From the sharp rise / decline in the chart,it goes without saying that _____.

    There are at least two good reasons accounting for _____. In one hand,____. In the other hand, _____ is due to the fact that ______. In addition, ______ is responsible for _____. Maybe there are some other reasons to show ______. But it is generally believed that the above mentioned reasons are commonly convincing.

    As far as I am concerned, I hold the point of view that ______. I am sure my opinion is both sound and well-grounded.     
       
    7、书信作文模板  
    Your address, Month,Date,Year, Receiver's address

    Dear …,
    I am extremely pleased to hear from you. And I would like to write a letter to tell you that _____.   …

    I will greatly appreciate a response from you at your earliest convenience / I am looking forward to your replies at your earliest convenience.   Best regards for your health and success.
    Sincerely yours,
    xxx

    实用性写作(申请信 )  
    Your address, Month, Date, Year, Receiver's address

    Dear ...,
    I am extremely pleased to hear from you / to see your advertisement for the position in ... And I would like to write a letter to tell you that... / I am confident that I am suitable for the kind of the job you are advertising.

    ... / I feel I am competent to meet the requirements you have listed. On the one hand, ... On the other hand, ... I am enclosing my resume for your kind consideration and reference.

    I shall be much obliged if you will offer me a precious opportunity to an interview. I will greatly appreciate a response from you at your earliest convenience. / I am looking forward to your replies at your earliest convenience. Best regards for your health and success.   
    Sincerely yours,
    xxx



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